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Часть текста: многом поколебала веру в устойчивость и незыблемость буржуазного мира. С начала первой мировой войны (предощущение которой "носилось в воздухе" в Германии задолго до 1914 г.) от этой веры не остается и следа. Кульминационными точками "экспрессивной" эпохи были Великая Октябрьская социалистическая революция и последовавшая за ней революция в Германии. "Экспрессионизм,-- подытоживает советский исследователь Н. С. Павлова,-- был художественным выражением смятенного сознания немецкой интеллигенции в период мировой войны и революционных потрясений" 346 . Как важнейший признак экспрессионизма, А. В. Луначарский подчеркивал "его ярко выраженную антибуржуазность" 347 . Экспрессионисты начисто отрицали все буржуазные формы жизни. Разумеется, их бунт был, в первую очередь, адресован буржуазному человеку -- рациональному, холодному, бездушному и жестокому. Неприятие буржуазного общества выражается в искусстве экспрессионизма как борьба "старого" и "нового", как столкновение молодого поколения со старшим. Конфликт "отцов и детей" -- один из излюбленных мотивов экспрессионистической драматургии и прозы. Эпоха, породившая движение экспрессионизма, характеризовалась крушением старого мира и рождением нового. И потому любые искания экспрессионистов пронизывает отчетливое стремление создать и утвердить новые ценности во всех сферах жизни. "Экспрессионистическое искусство -- лишь поиск нового жизненного содержания,...
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Часть текста: VII CHAPTER VII 1 I waked up at eight o'clock in the morning, instantly locked my door, sat down by the window and began thinking. So I sat till ten o'clock. The servant knocked at my door twice, but I sent her away. At last at eleven o'clock there was a knock again. I was just going to shout to the servant again, but it was Liza. The servant came in with her, brought me in some coffee, and prepared to light the stove. It was impossible to get rid of the servant, and all the time Fekla was arranging the wood, and blowing up the fire, I strode up and down my little room, not beginning to talk to Liza, and even trying not to look at her. The servant, as though on purpose, was inexpressibly slow in her movements as servants always are when they notice they are preventing people from talking. Liza sat on the chair by the window and watched me. "Your coffee will be cold," she said suddenly. I looked at her: not a trace of embarrassment, perfect tranquillity, and even a smile on her lips. "Such are women," I thought, and could not help shrugging my shoulders. At last the servant had finished lighting the stove and was about to tidy the room, but I turned her out angrily, and at last locked the door. "Tell me, please, why have you locked the door again?" Liza asked. I stood before her. "Liza, I never could have imagined you would deceive me like this!" I exclaimed suddenly, though I had never thought of beginning like that, and instead of being moved to tears, an angry feeling which was quite unexpected stabbed me to the heart. Liza flushed; she did not turn away, however, but still looked straight in my face. "Wait, Liza, wait, oh how stupid I've been! But was I stupid? I had no hint of it till everything ...
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Часть текста: Part II. Chapter I. Night PART II CHAPTER I. NIGHT EIGHT DAYS HAD PASSED. Now that it is all over and I am writing a record of it, we know all about it; but at the time we knew nothing, and it was natural that many things should seem strange to us: Stepan Trofimovitch and I, anyway, shut ourselves up for the first part of the time, and looked on with dismay from a distance. I did, indeed, go about here and there, and, as before, brought him various items of news, without which he could not exist. I need hardly say that there were rumours of the most varied kind going about the town in regard to the blow that Stavrogin had received, Lizaveta Nikolaevna's fainting fit, and all that happened on that Sunday. But what we wondered was, through whom the story had got about so quickly and so accurately. Not one of the persons present had any need to give away the secret of what had happened, or interest to serve by doing so. The servants had not been present. Lebyadkinwas the only one who might have chattered, not so much from spite, for he had gone out in great alarm (and fear of an enemy destroys spite against him), but simply from incontinence of speech-But Lebyadkin and his sister had disappeared next day, and nothing could be heard of them. There was no trace of them at Filipov's house, they had moved, no one knew where, and seemed to have vanished. Shatov, of whom I wanted to inquire about Marya Timofyevna, would not open his door, and I believe sat locked up in his room for the whole of those eight days, even discontinuing his work in the town. He would not see me. I went to see him on Tuesday and knocked at his door. I got no answer, but being convinced by unmistakable evidence that he was at home, I knocked a second time. Then, jumping up, apparently from his...